Question: What Are Reportable Or Notifiable Diseases?

What are notifiable diseases provide examples?

Some examples of notifiable diseases are HIV, hepatitis B and C, typhoid, cholera, Ross River and dengue fevers, malaria, sexually transmitted diseases such as chlamydia and syphilis, as well as conditions which may have been caused by food poisoning like salmonella and listeriosis..

Is Ebola a reportable disease?

Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a rare and deadly viral illness that is reportable to the National Notifiable Disease Surveillance System (NNDSS) in all U.S. states and territories. Early recognition of EVD is critical for infection control.

What are reportable infectious diseases?

Examples of notifiable diseases include: diseases caused by bacteria such as legionellosis. diseases or conditions caused by viruses such as influenza and HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) infections spread by contact, such as hepatitis. infections spread through the gastrointestinal route, such as listeriosis.

Can you survive Ebola?

Although Ebola is a severe, often fatal disease, getting medical care early can make a significant difference. Today, about 1 out of 3 Ebola patients survive. Many of them are now using their experience to help fight the disease in their community.

What is a reportable case in medicine?

In medicine, a case report is a detailed report of the symptoms, signs, diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of an individual patient. Case reports may contain a demographic profile of the patient, but usually describe an unusual or novel occurrence.

Is influenza reportable disease?

In 2007, human infection with a novel influenza A virus became a nationally notifiable condition. Novel influenza A virus infections include all human infections with influenza A viruses that are different from currently circulating human influenza H1 and H3 viruses.

What does it mean if a disease is reportable?

Reportable disease: A disease that must be reported to federal, state, or local health officials when diagnosed.

What is a reportable case?

Definition of Reportable Cases The brain, meninges, spinal cord, cauda equina, a cranial nerve or nerves, or any other part of the central nervous system. The pituitary gland, pineal gland, or craniopharyngeal duct.

What are the 11 notifiable diseases?

The diseases are:Diphtheria.Mumps.Poliomyelitis.Haemophilus influenzae Type b (Hib)Meningococcal disease.Rubella (“German measles”)Measles.Pertussis (“whooping cough”)More items…

Why do notifiable diseases have to be reported?

A notifiable disease is any disease that is required by law to be reported to government authorities. The collation of information allows the authorities to monitor the disease, and provides early warning of possible outbreaks.

Is botulism a notifiable disease?

The National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS) collects and compiles reports of nationally notifiable infectious diseases, including botulism (4). NNDSS collects data from states on both laboratory-confirmed and probable cases of botulism.

How did Ebola start?

Scientists do not know where Ebola virus comes from. However, based on the nature of similar viruses, they believe the virus is animal-borne, with bats or nonhuman primates with bats or nonhuman primates (chimpanzees, apes, monkeys, etc.) being the most likely source.

What are notifiable diseases in animals?

American Foulbrood, Anthrax, Aujeszky’s Disease, Bluetongue, Brucellosis in Ruminating Animals and Swine, Contagious Agalactia, Crimean Congo Haemorrhagic Fever, Echinococcosis (caused by Echinococcus multilocularis), Epizootic Haemorrhagic Disease, Foot and Mouth Disease, Japanese Encephalitis, Monkey Pox Virus, …

What are nationally notifiable diseases?

Gastrointestinal diseasesBotulism.Campylobacteriosis.Cholera.Cryptosporidiosis.Haemolytic uraemic syndrome (otherwise known as HUS)Hepatitis A.Hepatitis E.Listeriosis.More items…•

Is Ebola still around?

Ebola Virus Outbreaks by Species and Size, Since 1976 Zaire ebolavirus is the most fatal Ebola virus. It was associated with the 2014-2016 outbreak in West Africa, the largest Ebola outbreak to date with more than 28,600 cases, as well as the current ongoing outbreak in Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).

Do doctors have to report STD?

The law requires that consultations with your doctor or any health professional are confidential, though there are situations where they can be required to report information if they have serious concerns about you or someone else’s safety.

What sexually transmitted diseases are reportable?

Summary. These reports include detailed analyses of notification data for four notifiable sexually transmitted infections (STIs): chlamydia, gonorrhoea, infectious syphilis and lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) in NSW residents.

Is chlamydia a reportable STD?

Chlamydia is the most commonly reported STD in the United States.

Is gonorrhea a reportable disease?

Many diseases on the list must also be reported to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Reportable diseases are divided into several groups: Mandatory written reporting: A report of the disease must be made in writing. Examples are gonorrhea and salmonellosis.